How to Not Get Lost in The Woods For Beginners

I’ve gotten lost in the woods on too many occasions (especially when I first began hiking seriously) and this is something that happens very frequently to hikers, even experienced ones and knowing how to not do that is key, and in some cases necessary for literal survival.

In my case, over the many times this has happened, my experience has built up to a point where not only does this situation happen less frequently, but whenever it does still occur, I’m able to figure out where I am very quickly, and exactly how to navigate back to where I need to go to get home.

And this is the experience I will be sharing with you today, and just as well sharing some of my not so pleasant stories of getting lost in the woods. The goal here is to help you avoid the unpleasant learning curve I went through and should you encounter the same situations, to be able to know how to get out of them.

Here are some very basic tips on how to not get lost in the woods:

  1. How to Not Get Lost in The WoodsDo easy and short trails if you’re a beginner (it’s good/safer practice).
  2. Understand how to follow trail markers and backtrack if necessary.
  3. Know how to stay calm when you feel like you’re lost in the woods.
  4. Make sure to pack accordingly when you go hiking (just in case).
  5. Use things like the AllTrails app, a compass and take pictures of trail maps before you embark on them.

I’ll be getting into these shortly to give you some further context and examples, but these are the most basic and honestly best tips I’ve had to learn the hard way over the many miles I’ve done (and gotten lost on).

These tips have honestly kept my head cool in serious situations and have guided me back onto the trail, back to my car and then home safely.

Some personal stories of me getting lost in the woods (and how I got out):

1) High Point State Park (the most embarrassing one):

how I got lost in the woods hiking at high point state park

I was doing a very short 1.5 mile loop hike in High Point State Park and to reach it, you had to park 1/4 miles away, walk to the circle, then work your way around the trail clockwise. I figured there was no way I could ever get lost here and just decided to jog it.

At some point on the trail, I ran across a cool looking bridge (the one you see above). I continued to run and figured I’d see the exit eventually. I kept running and running, and guess what?

I eventually crossed the exact same bridge and at first, I thought it was another bridge on a different side of the loop (yes, I was idiot), but a few seconds of objective thinking made me realize I ran past the exit and continued on the same loop.

I wasn’t exactly lost but man was I discouraged after literally getting lost on a short loop trail. To get out, I backtracked and carefully looked for the trail head exit, which I did find, shortly after which I got back to my car.

2) Harriman State Park (I’ve gotten lost here more times than I can count):

harriman state park how I got lost in the woods

I’ve done numerous hikes Harriman State Park and just as well have also gotten lost several times on it too. For this situation, I’ll be sharing 2 major stories of how that happened:

The first is when I was doing the short (3.5 miles), but confusing Reeves Brook Loop trail, which involved hiking through 4 different colored trails.

The markers on this trail were really hard to spot and in some cases, I ran off trail thinking I was on the right path, only to stop noticing trail markers after awhile. I had to backtrack numerous times to find the right path and wasted at least an hour on this (but eventually did get home safe).

This was also one of the hikes I did where I learned that relying on Alltrails was not always a good idea (it confused me a lot too).

The second time was literally a few days ago, when in the same park, I trail I got lost on in the woods while hikingdecided to run a custom trail I came up with, where I would pass at least 8 or 9 different colored trails over a 10+ mile hike.

For about the first 50% of the hike, I was fine, but the lack of good trail markers and the fact that some trails intersected with one another and didn’t actually show that, confused me often.

And having started that trail around 12:30 p.m, I would end up finishing at around 6:30 p.m.

This was one of the most worrisome experiences I ever had because I must have gotten lost at least 7-8 times, was getting cramps (with miles to go), no civilization in sight, and the sun was quickly setting.

I was very panicked throughout the latter half of this hike, but this was a very productive experience for how to not get lost in the woods. I did get out, kept a calm head and found my way back to the car (and it ended up being a 13 mile hike).

3) Coyote Gulch:

how I got lost in coyote gulch and got out

This isn’t a getting lost in the woods example, but it does involve the desert and that may actually be worse, because in this case (Coyote Gulch), I was hiking through very uneven and confusing terrain and having to follow rock clusters which were used as markers, as well as my compass.

I did this hike twice, because the first time, I actually did get lost on this trail and had to rely on a compass to return back to my car.

Here, besides there being no reception and me being in the great no man lands of Grand Staircase Escalante, the sun was also setting quickly, the temperatures were dropping quickly and I had to make sure the unreliable hiking buddy I was with at the time was safe too (He didn’t realize the seriousness of the situation and was not very physically fit either).

The second time, I was pretty good because the terrain and environment were familiar to me and that helped keep me calm and get through this hike safely.

I have many more experiences to share, but these 3-4 were the most notable and really helped me get that much needed experience to avoid getting lost in the woods in the future (and if I did, being able to get out).

By the way, if you have stories of getting lost in the woods, I’d love to know about it and how you got out! Share your story below!

But anyway, with these stories shared, let me get to the tips I shared earlier and detail them further:

1) Do easy and short trails if you’re a beginner:

Too often, people who are inexperienced at hiking and doing basic things like reading trail markers embark on advanced trails they have no business being on. This is asking for trouble.

The last hike I mentioned where I got lost on (at Harriman State Park that ended up being 13 miles), in the very early parts of it, I met a mom and daughter who were hiking a much shorter version of the loop I was doing (3 miles).

They asked me for directions and I asked them several questions:

  • Do you have a picture of the map/trail you’re doing?
  • Do you know which trail you’re actually doing?
  • Did you bring the enough water and food just in case?

To all of these questions, the answer was “no”.

I had to give them the most basic directions to get back to where they started, but this was such an eye opener for how often unprepared people go on hikes they have no business being on.

This is literally asking for trouble. In their case, they didn’t even know they had to make turns and go to a different colored trail to get back to their car.

Now when I was new to this, I admit, I made the same mistakes, but the point in this tip is simple:

Do easy trails when you’re new. The easy trails are easy to navigate through and not get lost on. It’s also a good stepping stone for building experience to hike more advanced trails later.

How can you tell if a hike is easy or beginner friendly? Research it prior! Go to AllTrails.com, find the trail you want to do, read the reviews and then decide if you want to do it. Also check out my post on how to find easy hikes near me (great resource for that).

2) Know how to follow trail markers and backtrack if necessary:

Trail markers are colored icons marked on trees, rocks and the ground to help you navigate to the next step of the trail and help you get to where you need to go. Make sure to download a map of the trail/s you’re doing before going because depending on which park/area you’re in, you may have different colors for different trails.

In places like the desert, you will often find made made rock clusters that act as trail markers (they are called karins) .

Staying on the trail is literally one of the key points to not getting lost in the woods and while reading them is easy, sometimes you will run into these types of situations:

1) You are jogging and looking down and miss the next trail marker. This steers you off trail very quickly. Solution: Make sure to go slow and look for the markers. I’ve missed numerous trail markers by trail running, looking down and missing the next one.

2) Sometimes the trail markers are very far apart from one another. In this case if you’re going on what looks like a trail but not seeing any new markers, backtrack to the previous one, and see what looks to be the most obvious way to go. Follow that for awhile until you see the next marker. Backtrack once more if that doesn’t happen and just go back the way you came if you can’t proceed further.

3) Sometimes, trails will intersect with others and be shown as 2 colored trails (red and blue for example). Sometimes they won’t appear that way every time. In Harriman State Park, on certain mixed trails, I sometimes saw just red markers and sometimes just blue markers on a trail I knew was mixed and it confused me at first until I realized it’s just how they are marked.

how to read trail markers to avoid getting lost in the woods

This got me lost several times.

Here’s a simple way to look at trail markers:

You’ll most commonly see single trail icons and they will help you proceed.

Sometimes, you will see 2 or more markers such as to the right:

If you’re coming from the bottom (and working your way up), and you see this type of trail marker, it means you have to shift right to continue the trail.

Now if you were to doing this trail the opposite way and starting from the top, working your way down and you saw this marker, it would mean you would have to shift left to continue the trail.

Look for these markers very carefully when you’re hiking, and this is especially important for a first time trail you’re on.

When you already know the land and have been on the trail, it’s easier to cut corners, but as a guide, always stick to following the trail markers.

3) Know how to stay calm when you feel like you’re lost in the woods:

One of the most difficult things to come to grips with is that when you’re lost in the woods, and that panic sets in, it’s tough to stop. In my cases, the times I got lost in the woods, I was alone and having another person with you then would likely make it easier to deal with the situation, but not many people are up for the kinds of trails I do.

Anyway, that panic is not something I’d ever wish on anyone and for anyone who has been lost in the woods before and freaking out, you know exactly how uncomfortable that feeling is.

Yet, if you’re going to make it out of the woods and get back home, you have to keep a clear head. There’s just no other choice. Here’s what I recommend:

1) Breath: Stop and calm your breathing. Focus on that as it takes your mind off the situation.

2) Know that freaking out isn’t going to help you. It is a downward spiral and it doesn’t get better if you let it take hold.

3) If you have cell phone reception, use AllTrails.com. It has maps for many trails you do and can often show you the GPS location of where you’re at on the trail and this can help you get out.

If you can’t do that, you can at least call 911 and get help.

4) Backtrack to the last marker you were on. This will help you stabilize and know that at that point on the trail, you’re at least on the actual trail. From there you can look at a map (always have a map) and see where to go next (make sure your map is facing the proper way so you know where north, south, east and west are).

5) Backtrack the trail entirely if necessary. If you’re not getting anywhere further on the trail and are actually getting lost, you’ll have more difficult getting out. It’s best to just cut your losses here and backtrack the trail markers you’re at familiar with already back to your car.

6) Start a trail very early in the morning. The more time you have to navigate and the more daylight there is, the more options you have. Hiking when the sun is setting is not a good idea and there’s very little odds you can actually navigate at night.

7) Avoid trail running/hiking in the fall (unless you’re experienced). Generally, when fall sets in and the leaves fall, they can cover up a lot of trail areas and make it more difficult to navigate. Unless you’re familiar with a trail or it’s truly very easy and short, I’d avoid hiking it when the fall hits.

8) Let someone who is reliable know where you’re going. In case something goes wrong, you can at least have that someone call the police and inform them of where you’re missing.

9) Sign in at the trail head if it’s available. Many trails have a sign in sheet you can enter your name and info on and this is often used to find people who enter trails and run into issues.

4) Make sure to pack accordingly when you go hiking (just in case):

Besides knowing how long the trail you’re going to be hiking on is, make sure to absolutely pack accordingly when you go. I typically carry:

  •  A hydration backpack that can hold 3 liters of water (see something like the Salomon Hydra Vest for example).
  • Another bottle of water with either apple cider vinegar or a little bit of salt in it (for stopping cramps).
  • A incredibly helpful product I’ve been taking with me recently is pH pHour Salts (they help a lot).
  • Some packaged snacks (nothing that smells so as to not attract animals) for calories in case I get hungry.

You can’t just rely on drinking water on a trail. And you have to be careful when you drink too much water and you’re sweating because sweat will take away salt in your body and cause you to get cramps and trust me, a cramp is one of the last things you want on a trail (as I learned the hard way).

That’s a situation where you may just have to call 911 to get out. But having a salt drink or food with salt can help prevent that problem.

5) Use things like the AllTrails app, a compass and (especially) take pictures of trail maps:

People, do not be stupid. No matter how well you think you know a trail, always take a picture of the actual trail map before you go. It’s a simple 1 second click on your phone to take a picture of it.

I also recommend if possible getting a colored picture of the map if it’s available (some are black and white which makes it annoying to read). This is actually something I dislike certain map makers for. For example, in Mohonk Preserve, their maps are very poorly colored and while the trails are short there, you can get lost because there’s very little color to help you navigate.

Besides taking the picture, get AllTrails.com as an app on your phone folks. This is huge for double checking if you’re on the right path. They are free and their paid upgrade can actually help you track where you’re going. I personally don’t use that, but it’s an option.

Compasses. I have a compass app on my phone so if necessary, I can look at the map on my phone, and see that the trail is supposed to go north. Then I cross check it with my compass to see if that’s the case and I’ll know I’m going in the right direction.

Worse case scenarios. What to do you are actually lost in the woods, can’t backtrack or call 911:

While your first go to options should be: Backtracking and calling 911, sometimes people get so far off a trail that getting back is just out of the question because that may lead to further confusion on where you’re actually at.

In those cases, provided you’re in the actual woods, one good rule of thumb people follow is this:

  1. Head down hill.
  2. Find a stream/river.
  3. Follow that to a road.
  4. Follow the road to civilization, and get help or a ride back to your car.

This should only be used as a last case resort.

The good news: The more experience you get at hiking in the woods, the less you’ll get lost on them.

This is what my experience has been. Before I’d freak out when I got lost, but today, I am far more calm and collected when this happens (much less frequently) and I’m able to navigate back on track pretty quickly. In fact:

I’ve done many hikes after having the bad experiences I listed above, and each time, the lost part of the hike gets less and less, and I’m able to more easily hike and get to where I needed faster and faster. For example, there have been many hikes I’ve done that would be considered complex (no trail markers, maps or stuff) and thanks to the experiences I’ve had that “built me up”, I was able to find what I was looking for.

For example:

I like to challenge myself and give myself some tougher trails to check out, but I’m a little crazy and for me, this is a requirement. Yet no matter how much experience I get, I never let my confidence turn to cockiness because that leads to misfortunes.

For you, don’t do stupid things when you go on trails, only hike where you’re 100% comfortable going and you’ll be able to avoid 99% of the problems in these spots.

Other questions about getting lost in the woods that you may find interesting:

How do I stop being lost in the woods?

Make sure you stick to easy trails when you hike to avoid getting lost in the woods. Then if you do go on advanced trails, make sure you are not alone and are with experienced people too who can help guide you back.

How common is it to get lost in the woods?

It is very common to be lost in the woods unfortunately and it can happen instantly if you are not on a specific trail or looking for specific trail markers.

How do you avoid getting lost while hiking?

The best way to avoid getting lost when you’re hiking is to be on a marked trail, have a map of it and know where you’re going and if you do get lost, backtrack to the last trail marker and follow it back home.

How many people get lost in the woods per year?

Some estimates say over half a million people get lost in the woods every year (and are never found) while an even greater number gets lost, but either find their way back or have to be rescued.

And with that said, I want to thank you for reading this post and I hope it helped you properly prepare for situations on how to get out of the woods if you’re lost! If you have any questions, let me know below! And I would love to hear your stories on this topic as well!

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32 thoughts on “How to Not Get Lost in The Woods For Beginners”

  1. I did get lost in the woods one time. Let me tell you, that was no fun. Being lost in the woods was very intimidating and panic swept over me in waves. I felt my heart beating faster. Panic was definitely settling in. Crazy thoughts came with it too. 

    I had to literally talk to myself and make myself calm down. I also said a quick prayer. My thoughts at the time were to backtrack, as you mentioned. I was led by intuition at first until I was back on the trail and followed the signs.

    I love the tips you gave but especially the ones about remaining calm, using a compass or map and packing accordingly. Just like that mother-daughter duo, you met on the trail many people do not even think ahead to a what-if scenario. It is just wise to be ready for anything that may come your way.

    Reply
    • Hi Dana, thanks for sharing this story and I’m glad you’re ok. This kind of stuff happens VERY often and frankly these days when I go out, because my experience has built up with these bad situations, I can stay on track almost 100% of the time and recover back onto the trail if I ever stray from it. I hope that if you continue hiking that you will also be safe and enjoy the outdoors!

      Reply
  2. Vitaliy,

    Great post! I have not been hiking in over 50 years. In fact, at that time, I was an active member in my local boy scout troop. The troop leader required us to hike in small groups and each hike was well planned. We all had mastered basic map reading skills and the use of a compass.  

    Your post brought back fond memories and reminded me how easy it was to get off course. So, your advise about how to get back on course or backtrack if necessary was spot on.

    Your videos gave me a clear picture how rocky and rugged the terrain could get. So, at my age I will have to settle for hiking vicariously through your blogs.

    Stacey

    Reply
    • Hi Stacey thanks for sharing this and confirming the same strategies I personally with what you were taught back then. Although hiking might be tougher for you now, there’s still plenty of trails and options you can find to enjoy the outdoors. Check out my how to find easy trails near me post for details, you may find a lot of opportunities near you that you didn’t think existed!

      Reply
  3. I am saving this article for future reference as it has so much good information. Just by following your basic tips a person is way ahead of the game for safety and enjoyment. Thanks for the videos as they make it easier to understand. Your personal stories of getting lost in the woods give this information a real-life feel. I found the information on trail markers and backtracking especially interesting. I will reference these tips on my next hike.

    Reply
  4. Great post. I have been lost in the woods on two occasions. The first time was at Banff National Park, and my wife led us on the wrong hiking trail by accident, and I had to figure out how to get to the right one. The second time was at Yosemite National Park. We had hiked up to Half Dome, and coming back, it got dark, and our headlamps died. We were lucky enough to meet up with an old guy who did the hike often, and he led us out.

    Reply
    • That’s incredible stuff Jamie, glad to hear you made it out OK both times! I’ve been to Yosemite and in Banff as well during a Canadian Rockies road trip, and I would hate to be lost in either of those parks! Getting out of the woods is hard enough, but in the dark, it’s just ridiculously harder.

      Reply
  5. I must say this post is very informative for people like me who are reluctant to hike because of the fear of getting lost but still want to hike. Thank you for the great information!

    The given tips are very practical and easy to follow and the best point I get from the tips after stores you told is staying calm because panicking will only create more fuss and you might not want to go for a hike ever if something bad happens to you.

    Reply
    • Totally understand your point of view Ashaz. I would recommend in your case to start with super easy trails and become more comfortable there first. This will help you gradually ease into hiking which you said you want to do, and become more comfortable later on doing more advanced level trails.

      Reply
  6. Great tips for staying oriented while hiking, plus some helpful tips for the times that you find yourself a bit turned around. For instance, I think too many people expect to always have reception on their phones and be able to call or use GPS at any time, but that simply isn’t true when hiking in remote (and some of the best) locations. Thanks for the advice that can potentially save lives!

    Reply
  7. I do a lot of walking while hunting. I have been lost quite a few times, even in places that I know pretty well. I think one of the most important points you made in this very practical article is to stay calm.  

    Stopping and thinking can often help you pick up distance sounds that can give direction. I always carry a compass. This is a must as you pointed out. As well, I try to make a note of land marks like streams, hills if backtracking is necessary. I once shot a grouse in a jack pine forest and walked 10 or 15 steps off the trail and couldn’t find it again. I had a compass. I hope people take this article seriously.

    Reply
  8. I would recommend adding a personal locater beacon to your gear, especially when in a National Park or National Forest. These places do not have reliable cell service due to the remoteness. I don’t want to end up as a case in Missing 411 by David Paulides.

    Reply
  9. Oh I remember when I got lost in the woods. It was really scary and I only had water with me and nothing else. I followed eventually looked for a stream and follow it till it lead me to civilization. It helped a lot and to be honest I made some friends along the way. Thank you for the tips.

    Reply
    • Glad to hear that Bernard! And it sounds like you were able to find other people on the way. In my personal case, there was no body around, but either way, the strategy you followed to go along the stream was great.

      Reply
  10. Hi Vitaliy,

    That is hilarious, I’ve been in similar situations before. I remember when I was hiking my first fourteener with my dad. I got us completely turned around. We ended up following a stream back to the intended path. I wish I would have known all these tips before haha. Thanks for sharing, now I’ll be better prepared for next time.

    Reply
    • The stream strategy is very reliable in those environments (not deserts though) Kyle. And hiking one of the 14ers is no joke! I’m looking to do that in the near future. 

      Reply
  11. Having lived in the Netherlands for the first 48 years of my life, I have never encountered such an issue. The place simply is too small and consequently, so are the forests. There are always some houses nearby, impossible to get lost. And we don’t have animals that are dangerous to us.

    Yes, the USA is very different in this respect and your advice will be very much appreciated. I think that your number 4 about what to carry in a backpack is a very useful one, you always need to take care not to dehydrate. Do you take any protection with you in case you encounter wild animals, like bears or pumas and the like?

    Reply
  12. Hi, I agree that it is best to begin a trail early in the morning because things become more complicated in the dark. I believe it is also beneficial to inform someone you trust about your trail, because this can assist you if complications arise. Wow, I had no idea that salt in your body may help you avoid cramps. However, I am someone who drinks a lot of water and believe that, for the sake of my trail, I should aim to unlearn this habit and prevent cramps.

    This is an excellent article.

    Reply
    • Hi Lio, in short runs, it’s totally fine to drink a lot of water, but keep in mind that the hotter the weather, the faster you’ll sweat and dehydrate yourself. Not only is it water that your body is losing, but other essentials, including salt and without properly restoring the pH balance in your body, it can lead to cramps.

      I learned this from my uncle who had them on a race we did outdoors. Drinking a salt tablet got him back on track in under a minute.

      Reply
  13. Wow! Vitaliy this is awesome, I love to be in the woods it seems like it would be lots of fun and to see the different scenery, they are beautiful I know, so I don’t get lost, I would (like you say) backtrack and get back on track, and I would leave some markers or something to know where I am. I am not a hiker but I do like the woods, camping and stuff.

    I am happy you made it back home, and I guess the main thing is to stay calm and be safe.

    Thank you, for sharing

    Reply
    • Panic is without a doubt the worst thing you can succumb to when getting lost in the woods Dorothy. Because once your composure goes, so does anything proactive you can do to get out of the situation you’re in. With practice however, it becomes easier to deal with the panic because of previous experiences dealing with it, and this isn’t just with regards to the woods, but also in life in general. Thanks for your comment.

      Reply
  14. No matter how many times we go hiking, we always get lost. The worst was in the Berkshires. We were on a never-ending loop, my husband was dehydrated, it was starting to get dark. I truly thought we would never get out. Luckily, on one of our tries, we heard people, and exited that way. I think some people are not meant to be hikers.

    Reply
    • Hi Aviva, glad you managed to get out of the woods safely. I would just disagree with the last thing you said. If you love hiking, I would do it, but just be cautious and keep the safety tips in mind. Hiking is definitely very fun, but it comes with risks as you well know, but it doesn’t mean you should just stop doing it, especially if you love it already.

      I’ve gotten lost so many times in the woods and I get better at navigating each time. I didn’t have someone teach me this stuff beforehand, so if you can find a friend who is good at navigating to teach you this art, I would absolutely learn from them. But overall, I am getting better at not getting lost now and I think you will too. Thanks for sharing your story.

      Reply
  15. Yes, it’s easy to get lost on and off trails. I developed an app to help me and others follow cell signal strength colored dots to a good signal. After making a couple of wrong turns coming down Mt Whitney at night, I added a one hundred foot off path verbal warning that has helped me numerous times. I will release it soon for Android, but not for Iphones as any signal strength apps are banned by Apple. I received two patents for this App and know it can help save lives. Look for it on Google play hopefully before end of 2021. I call it Dots911, because it has signal strength dots and you might want to call 911 if things go downhill.

    Reply
    • I wouldn’t mind taking a look at your app once it’s out John as it certainly sounds like a good asset to have in case things go wrong. Thanks for sharing.

      Reply
  16. Thanks for the tips. I also got confused coming down a trail. I started to panic but did a backtrack to where I came from.

    Reply
    • Glad to hear you got back safe Dawn! Backtracking is usually a safer bet (not always guaranteed to lead you back though) to go with as long as you are familiar with the trail you came from and can follow the trail markers back.

      Reply

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